Sunday, December 16, 2018
'Alcohol With Charcoal As Substitute To Pentel Pen Inc Essay\r'
'ACKNOWLEDGEMENT\r\nany(prenominal) the lookers achieve in life, they argon certainly the topic of loving, affection, and caring people who have been with the age nurturing, realizing the dreams and aspiration. They be the people who have encouraged, bolster the self- confidence, and trick up the spirit in times of confusion, helplessness, and vulnerability. They express bod words, extend a helping hand, lend ears, and gestate the ability of the researcher as a person, and roughly(prenominal) of all as a student. They are indeed, the agent of the researcherÃ¢â¬â¢s unfolding. This research would not be possible without the strain assistance and untiring underpin of trade good friends who shade strength in reservation this deal a reality. Thus, the researchers wish to express robust gratitude to the wonderful and uncountable blessings of the Lord, without the writing of this research. Thanking the Lord for the wakeless mind and health outgoowed to the researchers .\r\nDeepest gratitude to Miss Sharmaine teacher for her boost and guidance.\r\nMrs. Grace G. Alutaya for giving constructive and ex drop a linesive suggestions in improving the write-ups and content of the research. The researchers parents for the unconditional love and pixilated support.\r\nAnd to all the person who helped the researchers, a precious thank and appreciations to all.\r\nABSTRACT\r\nThe project aimed to consider sign as fusain grey grey, advantages and disadvantages of victimisation draw-grey gray as sign, and the effectiveness of the deplete harvest-feast to the commercial ink available in the market. The choose launched made engage of the descriptive- auditional method. The research make needed the spare-time activity materials to made the analyse successful. some materials needed were vertical accessible in the kitchen. Few of materials needed were recycled. Some tools needed were bought to regard proper measurement of the product tried. Th e data equanimous for the study wood coal as ease to composetel create verbally ink are presented,analyzed and interpreted in this chapter. The study was conducted in the station(a) of the research leader , Purok- 8, Cayutan, Cagniog, Surigao urban center ground on the hap inditeings, the one-third crystal clears such as water, kerosene and gasoline are not the best choice to be sampleed when it comes to let an un employ pentel ink reusable oer again. The researchers therefore advocate to exercising intoxi terminatet as best dash to reuse again the pentel pen.\r\nAPPROVAL SHEET\r\nThis Investigatory Project empower\r\nCHARCOAL AS SUBSTITUTE TO PENTEL PEN sign\r\nprepared and submitted by Klaus St plane Kinkel G. Alutaya, Jayford Guy-ab, Julie Ann Jumandos, Joshua Jordan Chua, Jaypaul Roma has been examined and is recommended for approval and toleration for\r\nORAL EXAMINATION.\r\nSHARMAINE GORGONIO\r\nAdviser\r\n_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _\r\nPANEL OF EXAMINERS\r\nAPPROVED by the committee on Oral Examination with the\r\n commit of ___ on January 2011\r\n________________________Chairman\r\n___________________ Member\r\n_________________ Member\r\nACCEPTED in areaial fulfillment of the requirements for\r\nSCIENCE 3.\r\nCHAPTER I\r\n door\r\nBackground of the Study\r\nPentel pen is very helpful to every integrity in particular to students and teachers. Thus one of the main creator of the research team to arrived to this study is the usefulness to the researchers. The researchers bring out difficulty in choosing the product to be time- tried and to be experimented. The leader of the research team arrived to this kind of problem for the leader itself uses draw as successor to liquefied petroleum gas in their home for cooking. And curiously had the intellect to disc everyplace further, the uses of charcoal to our lives especially nowadays experiencing crisis. And out of curiosity, the researc h leader had an idea what if he could discover charcoal pentel pen ink replacement. And this bequeath be proven as in brief as experiments exit be thoroughly done by the separate.\r\nReview of Related Literature\r\n entirely natural wood charcoal has been use since 30,000 BC. earlier used in cave displaces, by 3,500 BC wood charcoal, was comm besides used as a append throughout europium and Asia. The Egyptians used it in Iron smelting and in producing glass. It brought the world into the Bronze time nigh 2,000 BC. By 500 BC timberland management was evident, thus guaranteeing the supply of the most influential fuel in bill. Two thousand years ago, wood charcoal truly took off. In AD 43-410, the roman prints were coppicing on a truly grand home base (Coppicing is acrid a tree, typically old reaping tree, to ground level. This 2 invigorates the plant, and the root system is tell to amazeing a number of new shoots. These shoots grow vigorously allowing for quicker and bountiful coppicing every 7 to 20 years). Wood charcoal was not only the fuel of choice at this time, but was too used in making tar for caulking and a thinner version is used in embalming. It was used in dyes, and as construction material in wet areas where rotting was an issue. During this period wood charcoal was also used in filtration and purification of perspicuouss for the prime(prenominal) time.\r\nFrom 1900 to present day, wood charcoal has been replaced as the fuel of choice to power the civilized world. Wood charcoal, however,finds a new importance in its uses in filtration and purification, horticulture, and fauna feed, and pharmaceuticals, as well as its continued use in lesser-developed countries as a major and more than healthful fuel source than wood and fogy fuels. In the some other hand, according to Wikipedia, many superannuated cultures around the world have independently notice and formulated inks for the purposes of writing and drawing. The comele dge of the inks, their recipes and the techniques for their production comes from archaeologic analysis or from compose text itself. The history of Chinese inks flush toilet be traced patronage to the twelfth century BC, with the utilization of natural plant (plant dyes), animal, and mineral inks based on such materials as black lead that were ground with water and applied with ink brushes. try for the earliest Chinese inks, standardized to modern inksticks, is around 256 BC in the end of the Warring States extent and produced using manual labour from soot and animal glue.\r\n3 The India ink used in antediluvian patriarch India since at least the 4th century BC was called masi, and was made of burnt bones, tar, pitch, and other substances. Indian documents written in Kharosthi with ink have been unearthed in Chinese Turkestan.The practice of writing with ink and a crispy apexed needle was common in early to the south India. Several Jain sutras in India were compiled in ink. In ancient Rome, atramentum was used. Not much was known rough this ink because no one has used it in a long time. About 1,600 years ago, a popular ink recipe was created. The recipe was used for centuries. Iron salts, such as ferrous sulfate (made by treating iron with sulfuric acid), were confused with tannic acid from gallnuts (they grow on trees) and a thickener. When first border to paper, this ink is bluish-black. Over time it fades to a deliberate brown.Scribes in medieval Europe (about AD 800 to 1500) wrote chiefly on parchment or vellum. One twelfth century ink recipe called for hawthorn branches to be cut in the spring and left to dry. wherefore the bark was pounded from the branches and soaked in water for octonary days. The water was boiled until it thickened and turned black. wine- tincted was added during boiling. The ink was poured into special bags and hung in the sun. Once dried, the florilegium was mixed with wine and iron salt over a fire to make t he final ink. The germ pen, which may have been the first fountain pen, dates back to 953, when MaÃ¢â¬â¢ÃÂd al-MuÃ¢â¬â¢izz, the caliph of Egypt, demanded a pen that would not stain his hands or clothes, and was provided with a pen that held ink in a reservoir.\r\n4\r\nIn the 15th century, a new graphemecast of ink had to be developed in Europe for the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg. Two types of ink were prevalent at the time: the Greek and Roman writing ink (soot, glue, and water) and the 12th century chassis composed of ferrous sulfate, gall, gum, and water. Neither of these handwriting inks could cohere to printing get ups without creating blurs. Eventually an oily, varnish-like ink made of soot, turpentine, and walnut tree oil was created specifically for the printing press. Up until a few years ago, consumers had very little saki in ink other than refills for their pens. Fountain pens became a novelty as the disposable ball point pen took over the market. Th e introduction of home reason led to home printing. Today, in developed nations, most residences and businesses have a printing capability. As a result, buying ink in the form of a newspaperman cartridge has once again gravel a part of the day-to-day shopping experience, similar to buying a bottle of ink l years ago. Ink alternate services for printer cartridges are offered by large, official printing companies as well as smaller, Ã¢â¬Å"unofficialÃ¢â¬Â refill companies. Customers can often cut printing costs by using refill services from a refill company, or buying the new non-OEM (original equipment manufacturer) brands instead of refilling.\r\nThe refilling of ink cartridges and the use of continuous ink supply systems for inkjet printers is very common in most countries, with the riddance of the United States. As printer manufacturers control the type of competition that they allow on retail shelves to a great extent, devices to ease the use of refill inks are usually on ly available online.\r\n5\r\n tilt of the Problem\r\nThis study sought to answer the followers questions:\r\na.Can alcoholic drink with charcoal be considered as ink?\r\nb.What are the advantages and disadvantages of using inebriant with charcoal as ink? c.Which is more effective the commercial ink or the alcohol with charcoal ink?\r\n conditional relation of the Study\r\nThe researchers hope that the findings of this research and study depart be a great interest and valuable usefulness to the following:\r\nResearchers.\r\nThe result of this research and study will enable the researchers to present recommendations which will serving as basis for the effective way of using the said study.\r\nStudents.\r\nTo enable them to discover that charcoal as ink is helpful to a student to derogate buying commercial ink since this is expensive over the counter.\r\nTeachers.\r\nTo enable the teachers to used this technique at home for their own satisfaction and practice cross cutting at h ome.\r\nCommunity.The result of this research and study will enable the community to maximize the use of charcoal as ink 6 instead of relying on commercial ink which are highly priced nowadays.\r\n telescope and Limitation\r\nThis study focused on charcoal can be considered as ink, the advantages and disadvantages of using charcoal as ink, and the effectiveness of charcoal as ink compared to commercial ink in the market.\r\nDefinition of name\r\nCharcoal Ã¢â¬ is the dark grey residue consisting of unpurified atomic number 6 obtained by removing water and other vapourisable constituents from animal and vegetation substances.\r\nInk -is a liquid that contains pigments and / or dyes and is used to color a surface to produce an image, text, or design. Ink is used for drawing and / or writing with a pen, brush or quill.\r\nVolatile- means changing or changeable\r\nAlcohol-is an fundamental compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom. In particul ar, this carbon center should be saturated, having single bonds to three other atoms.\r\n ethyl radical radical -an ethyl group is an alkyl substituent derived from ethane (C2H6). It has the formula Ã¢â¬C2H5 and is very often abbreviated Et. Ethyl is used in the IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry for a saturated twain-carbon moiety in a molecule, whilst the prefix Ã¢â¬Å"eth-Ã¢â¬Â is used to indicate the presence of two carbon atoms in the molecule.\r\n8\r\nCHAPTER II\r\nmethodological analysis\r\nResearch Design\r\nThe study launched made use of the descriptive- data-based method. In connection to the study the researchers find relevancy and appropriateness of the method since it involved the arrangement of the data, presentation, analysis, and definition of the conditions that exist.\r\nA. Materials\r\nThe research done need the following materials to made the experiment successful. Some materials needed were just accessible in the kitchen. Few of materials needed wer e recycled. Some tools needed were bought to ensure proper measurement of the product raiseed.\r\nMaterials used:\r\nÃ¢â¬Â¢Alcohols ( ethyl and rubbing)\r\nÃ¢â¬Â¢Charcoal\r\nTools used:\r\nÃ¢â¬Â¢ trench mortar and pestle\r\nÃ¢â¬Â¢Graduated cylinder\r\nÃ¢â¬Â¢Funnel\r\nÃ¢â¬Â¢Bowl, meander paper/ rug\r\nÃ¢â¬Â¢\r\n9\r\nB. PROCEDURE\r\nThe experiment made was done at a colossal room away from the children. The data gathered through experiment and evaluation. The study launched make used of the descriptive- experimental method. In connection to the study the researchers find relevancy and appropriateness of the method since it involved the collection of the data, presentation, analysis, and interpretation of the conditions that exist.\r\nProcedures:\r\nB.1 Preparation of the Materials\r\n1.1. Gather all materials in one place that is free from children. Occupy a wide of the mark room in which no one will disturb your work. B.2 Preparation of the Powdered Charcoal\r\n2.1. tickt ack the charcoal in a mortar with the pestle. Do it until the charcoal is very fine to touch.\r\nB.3 test of the Liquids\r\n3.1. filter the charcoal to the two alcohol to be tested (rubbing & ethyl alcohol) B.4 Application of the two alcohols to story\r\n4.1. Apply the pentel pen to a paper to test which of the two alcohols is effective.\r\n10\r\nB.5 Data order of battle\r\n tabular matter\r\nEvaluation\r\nConclusion\r\nResearch is always part of being a student. Thus , the researchers preparean experiment through this processes. First, preparation of materials is done\r\n11\r\nFlowchart of methodology\r\nPreparation of the materials\r\nPreparation of the Powdered Charcoal\r\nTesting of the alcohols\r\nApplication of the two alcohols to Paper\r\nData Collection\r\nTabulation\r\nEvaluation\r\nConclusion .\r\n12\r\nCHAPTER III\r\nRESULTS AND DISCUSSION\r\nThe data gathered for the study charcoal as substitute to pentel pen ink are presented, analyzed and interpreted in this c hapter.\r\nTable 1\r\nTesting the alcohol with charcoal\r\nLiquid trial run 1 Trial 2\r\nCharcoal with ethyl alcohol\r\nThe researchers personate 1 ÃÂ½ tablespoon of charcoal to the refreshing pencil case with minimum hail of alcohol just above the amount of the charcoal and mixed. Pentel pen works as soon as it was tested to write on the bond paper.The researchers added 1 tablespoon of charcoal to determine whether if there is deflection when a bigger amount of charcoal be put to the alcohol, and it really worked. Charcoal with rubbing alcohol The researchers put 1 ÃÂ½ tablespoon of charcoal to the unused pencil case with minimum amount of alcohol just above the amount of the charcoal and mixed. Pentel pen works as soon as it was tested to write on the bond paper. The researchers added 1 tablespoon of charcoal to determine whether if there is difference when a bigger amount of charcoal be put to the alcohol, and it really worked.\r\nThe experiments showed that alcohol is a g ood liquid substance to be mixed with charcoal to be able to come up with a good output.\r\n13\r\nCHAPTER IV\r\nSUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION\r\nSummary\r\nThe experiment was conducted to determine if alcohol with charcoal can be considered as ink, furthermore to know the disadvantages and advantages of using charcoal as ink and to be able to know which is more effective the commercial ink or the charcoal ink.`\r\nFindings\r\nBased on the above findings the three liquids; water, kerosene, and are not the best choice to be experimented when it comes to let an unused pentel ink reusable again. We recommend using alcohol as best way to reused again the pentel pen. In addition, alcohol and charcoal can help unused pentel pen work. And aside from the observation, the color of the ink did not change into black even if the charcoal itself is black. It still stayed as is.\r\nConclusion\r\nBased on study conducted alcohol is the best liquid that reacted to charcoal. It is therefore summed up that among the four liquids experimented alcohol is really a good solution to be mixed with charcoal.\r\n14\r\nRecommendations\r\n1.A study should be conducted thoroughly to test the effectiveness of the two alcohols to the unused pentel pen.\r\n2.other recommended titles include:\r\n2.1 Alcohol as best first aid to pentel pen not working\r\n2.2. Charcoal as substitute to shoe polisher 2.3 Charcoal as substitute to crayons\r\nREFERENCES\r\nhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ink\r\nhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charcoal_(color) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charcoal_(typeface) http://www.emedicinehealth.com/activated_charcoal/article_em.htm\r\n'