1. Mining and nerding Uranium is usually mined by all get along (open cut) or underground mining techniques, depending on the depth at which the ore body is found. The mined uranium ore is displace to a mill which is usually located close to the mine. At the mill the ore is broken and ground to a fine slurry which is leached in sulfuric back breaker: UO3 + 2H+ ====> UO22+ + H2O UO22+ + 3SO42- ====> UO2(SO4)34- to allow the detachment of uranium from the waste rock. It is because cured from resolving and precipitated as uranium oxide (U308) focalise. The UO2 is oxidised to UO3. With some ores, change leaching is apply to form a soluble uranyl tricarbonate ion: UO2(CO3)34-. This can then be precipitated with an alkali, eg as sodium or magnesium diuranate. alcalescent leaching is not undertaken in Australia at present. 2. Conversion Because uranium needs to be in the form of a turgidityconade before it can be enriched, the U308 is converted into the gas uraniu m hexafluoride (UF6) at a conversion ready in Europe or North America. The mixed uranium oxide concentrate U3O8 received by the refinery is dissolved in nitrous acid. The resulting solution of uranium nitrate UO2(NO3)2.6H2O is fed into a rent dissolving agent extraction process, using tributyl phosphate dissolved in lamp oil or dodecane.
The uranium is collected by the organic plant food extractant, from which it can be washed out by keep down nitric acid solution and then concentrated by evaporation. The solution is then calcined (heated strongly) to produce pure UO3. 3. Enrichment Most nuclear reactors i nvolve uranium to be enriched from its natur! al isotopic slice of 0.7% U-235 (most of the lodge in being U-238) to 3.5-4% U-235. The enrichment process removes 85% of the U-238 by separating gaseous uranium hexafluoride into two streams: One stream is... If you requirement to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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